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Investing in Discovery

An Overview of the National Institute of General Medical Sciences


The Dance of Life

Division of Biomedical Technology, Bioinformatics, and Computational Biology

Division of Cell Biology and Biophysics

Division of Genetics and Developmental Biology

Division of Pharmacology, Physiology, and Biological Chemistry

Division of Training, Workforce Development, and Diversity

Center for Research Capacity Building

Office of Emergency Care Research

Free Science Education Materials

Nobel Prizes

Photo Credits

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Nobel Prizes

Greider is pictured with fellow Johns Hopkins University scientist-and Nobel laureate-Peter Agre.
Carol Greider—honored with the 2009 Nobel Prize in physiology or medicine—is pictured with fellow Johns Hopkins University scientist and Nobel laureate, Peter Agre.

Supporting high-quality research is a defining characteristic of NIGMS. Many of the Institute’s grantees earn prestigious awards, including the Nobel Prize, the highest honor bestowed in science. Over its 55 years, NIGMS has funded the Nobel Prize-winning work of 87 scientists. Among their discoveries:

  • Translating the genetic code and explaining how it functions.
  • Defining the internal organization of cells using electron microscopy and other techniques.
  • Finding that RNA can act as a catalyst, controlling and directing cellular functions.
  • Discovering restriction enzymes, which cut DNA at precise locations and are a cornerstone of the biotechnology industry.
  • Identifying proteins that trigger a cell’s response to outside signals and are involved in normal activities as well as diseases like cancer, cholera and diabetes.

Complete list of NIGMS-funded Nobelists.

This page last reviewed on October 4, 2017