When using light to measure an object, the wavelength of the light needs to be similar to the size of the object. X-rays, with wavelengths of approximately 0.5 to 1.5 angstroms, can measure the distance between atoms. Visible light, with a wavelength of 4,000 to 7,000 angstroms, is used in ordinary light microscopes because it can measure objects the size of cellular components.